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Study Guide 3/27/19

Why All The Sacrifice?
(Why the sacrificial system in the Old Testament was so important)

Sacrificial offerings were brought before the Lord even before the sacrificial system was formally established. Take note of the following.

Genesis 4:3-5
In the course of time Cain brought some of the fruits of the soil as an offering to the LORD. But Abel brought fat portions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering, but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry, and his face was downcast. Recognition that what they had came from the Lord

Genesis 8:20
Then Noah built an altar to the LORD and, taking some of all the clean animals and clean birds, he sacrificed burnt offerings on it. Atonement or reparation for sin - making amends for a wrong that was done

A detailed account of the sacrificial system, established by God for the people of Israel, can be found in the first seven chapters of Leviticus. Five types of sacrifices/offerings are described. The first three that are mentioned are voluntary. They are:
Burnt Offering: Bull, Ram, or male bird for the poor (dove or pigeon) - Voluntary act of worship - atonement for unintentional sin - expression of devotion and commitment to God
Grain Offering - accompanied burnt offering - grain, fine flour, olive oil, incense - Voluntary act of worship - recognition of Gods goodness
Fellowship Offering - Any animal without defect from herd of flock and variety of breads - voluntary act of worship expressing thanksgiving - included communal meal
Given these types of sacrifices/offerings, what types were given in the preceding passages from Genesis?

As we continue our focus on the necessity of the cross, our focus tonight is on the last two types of sacrifices/offerings.
In the following passages, identify the type of sacrifice/offering; what was to be sacrificed or offered, and its intended purpose.
Leviticus 4:3
       “ ‘If the anointed priest sins, bringing guilt on the people, he must bring to the LORD a young bull without defect as a sin offering for the sin he has committed.
Leviticus 4:14
When they become aware of the sin they committed, the assembly must bring a young bull as a sin offering and present it before the Tent of Meeting.
    Leviticus 4:23-24
When he is made aware of the sin he committed, he must bring as his offering a male goat without defect. He is to lay his hand on the goat’s head and slaughter it at the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered before the LORD. It is a sin offering.
    Leviticus 4:27-28
 ‘If a member of the community sins unintentionally and does what is forbidden in any of the LORD’S commands, he is guilty. When he is made aware of the sin he committed, he must bring as his offering for the sin he committed a female goat without defect.


What does the following passage describe?
Leviticus 7:1-6
“ ‘These are the regulations for the guilt offering, which is most holy: The guilt offering is to be slaughtered in the place where the burnt offering is slaughtered, and its blood is to be sprinkled against the altar on all sides. All its fat shall be offered: the fat tail and the fat that covers the inner parts, both kidneys with the fat on them near the loins, and the covering of the liver, which is to be removed with the kidneys. The priest shall burn them on the altar as an offering made to the LORD by fire. It is a guilt offering. Any male in a priest’s family may eat it, but it must be eaten in a holy place; it is most holy.

What light does Leviticus 17:11 shed on all of this?
For the life of a creature is in the blood, and I have given it to you to make atonement for yourselves on the altar; it is the blood that makes atonement for one’s life.

How does Hebrews 9:11-18 tie all of this to Jesus?
       When Christ came as high priest of the good things that are already here, he went through the greater and more perfect tabernacle that is not man-made, that is to say, not a part of this creation. He did not enter by means of the blood of goats and calves; but he entered the Most Holy Place once for all by his own blood, having obtained eternal redemption. The blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkled on those who are ceremonially unclean sanctify them so that they are outwardly clean. How much more, then, will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself unblemished to God, cleanse our consciences from acts that lead to death, so that we may serve the living God!
       For this reason Christ is the mediator of a new covenant, that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance—now that he has died as a ransom to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant.
       In the case of a will, it is necessary to prove the death of the one who made it, because a will is in force only when somebody has died; it never takes effect while the one who made it is living. This is why even the first covenant was not put into effect without blood.

How would you describe the purpose of the Old Testament sacrificial system?

Does God require any sacrifice on our part today?
Romans 12:1
Therefore, I urge you, brothers, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God—this is your spiritual act of worship.