February 2020  
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Study Guide 4/3/19

Do I Have To?
(Why we need to repent)

Imagine that your child has been invited to a birthday party for a young friend of the same age. You take your child to this birthday party and everything seems to be going along fine. Your child is playing nicely with the other children while you are interacting with the other adults. Finally, it comes time for cake, ice cream, and the opening of gifts. While all of this is going on, your child is sitting right next to the birthday boy. Your child is being very well behaved with only minimal amounts of cake and ice cream finding its way to the floor, to the great disappointment of the family dog. When the birthday boy starts opening his gifts there is great excitement among all the children. But when he opens up his gift from little Rachel, your child’s demeanor changes. It’s that firetruck that your child saw in the store last week, and wanted, but you wouldn’t buy. You could see the look of disappointment on your child’s face, and then, all of a sudden, your child knocks the newly opened firetruck on to the floor.
As the parent of this child, what do you do? If it hasn’t been done already, you would probably have your child pick that firetruck up and put it back on the table. And, you would probably do one more thing too, wouldn’t you? You would tell your child to say, “I’m sorry,” to the birthday boy with the new firetruck while pointing out that it your child’s friend sad and that the new toy could have been broken.
We tell our children to say, I’m sorry, not so they can learn a quick way to get out of a punishment, but that they might come to know the difference between right and wrong, that they might learn to take ownership of their actions, and that they might learn to have empathy for others.

What is the difference between confession and repentance?

Do you think repentance is necessary for salvation?

A Closer Look
Was repentance important in the ministry of John the Baptist?
Matthew 3:1-2
In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the Desert of Judea and saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.”
Mark 1:4
And so John came, baptizing in the desert region and preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.
Was repentance important in the ministry of Jesus?
Matthew 4:17
From that time on Jesus began to preach, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.”
Luke 5: 31-32
Jesus answered them, “It is not the healthy who need a doctor, but the sick. I have not come to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.
Mark 1:14-15
After John was put in prison, Jesus went into Galilee, proclaiming the good news of God.“The time has come,” he said. “The kingdom of God is near. Repent and believe the good news!”


Is the call to repentance an expectation of the Church?
Luke 24:46-47
He told them, “This is what is written: The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
Mark 6:12
They went out and preached that people should repent.
Acts 17:30
In the past God overlooked such ignorance, but now he commands all people everywhere to repent.

What do the following passages tell us about how we are saved?
Ephesians 2:8-9
For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith—and this not from yourselves, it is the gift of God— not by works, so that no one can boast.
1Corinthians 12:3
Therefore I tell you that no one who is speaking by the Spirit of God says, “Jesus be cursed,” and no one can say, “Jesus is Lord,” except by the Holy Spirit.
Romans 3:23-24
for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus.
Mark 16:16
Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned.

If we are saved by Gods grace through faith, why is there a need to repent?